Thyroid cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the thyroid gland.
This page will go through the types of thyroid cancer to help you learn the difference.
Main Thyroid Gland Cell Types
These types of cells make thyroid hormone from the iodine in blood to help regulate metabolism. If you have too little or too much thyroid hormone, you develop hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. The pituitary gland tells your body how much to release.
C cells makes calcitonin which is a hormone that helps control how your body uses calcium. These cells are also called parafollicular cells.
Types of Thyroid Cancer
includes papillary, follicular and Hürthle cell
(MTC) develops from the C cells from your thyroid gland. There are 2 types of MTC:
also called undifferentiated
Is the most common type of thyroid cancer
Usually grows very slowly
Can often spread to the lymph nodes in the neck
Treatments are often successfully and rarely result in fatality
There are several subtypes of papillary thyroid cancer
Follicular subtype usually has the same positive prognosis as papillary
Other subtypes include columnar, tall cell, insular, and diffuse sclerosing) are not as common but can grow more quickly
Is the next most common type of thyroid cancer
More common in areas where not enough iodine is consumed in your diet
Usually doesn't spread to the lymph nodes, but can spread to other parts of your body.
Harder to find and treat than the above thyroid cancers
Not inherited from family members
Occurs mostly in older adults
Often affects only one thyroid lobe
Is inherited from family
Often develops during childhood or early adulthood
Can spread early on
Anaplastic is a rare thyroid cancer and often spreads very quickly to the neck and other parts of the body, making it quite aggressive.